According to an on-line survey by the National Headache
Foundation, when headache sufferers were asked which environmental
factors trigger their condition, the most common responses included:
Intense smells or odors (59 percent)
Altitude or barometric pressure changes
Temperature fluctuations (50 percent)
Bright or flickering lights (50 percent)
Headaches are a widespread but treatable disease
Imagine suffering from chronic headaches for more
than ten years and still not have found an effective treatment.
According to a recent on-line survey conducted by the National Headache
Foundation, 59 percent of respondents indicated that they have experienced
headaches for more than a decade. Fifty-three percent have ten or
more headache days per month.
A significant paradox exists, as 63 percent of headache
sufferers use over-the-counter medications to treat their headache
condition; yet 67 percent of survey respondents state that OTC medications
are not effective in relieving their headache pain.
“These numbers convey that people with headaches
are suffering needlessly. The take-away message is that headaches
are treatable and there are many options available,” notes
NHF executive director Suzanne Simons. “It is important to
make an appointment with your health-care provider to specifically
discuss your headache problem if it is impacting your quality of
According to the findings of the NHF survey, 68 percent
of survey respondents awaken in the morning with sinus congestion.
Slightly more than half (53 percent) use OTC medications to treat
their sinus condition, but only 51 percent believe they are effective.
Facial pressure, fatigue, and congestion are the most frequently
reported symptoms. These symptoms may account for the common misdiagnosis
of migraine as sinus headache, which is a relatively rare condition.
Among those headache sufferers who reported being
diagnosed with allergies (63 percent), the most common allergens
were animal dander, mold, dust, and pollen. Nearly 65 percent reported
that the onset of their allergies would trigger a headache.
The National Headache Foundation, founded in 1970,
is a nonprofit organization dedicated to serving headache sufferers,
their families, and the health-care providers who treat them; promoting
research into headache causes and treatments; and educating the
public to the fact that headaches are a legitimate biological disease
and that sufferers should receive understanding and continuity of
For more information on headache
causes and treatments, visit www.headaches.org
or call 1-888-NHF-5552 (Mondays through Fridays, 9:00 a.m. to 5:00
New developments help people with Diabetes
Every year, more than thirteen thousand young children
are diagnosed with type 1 (or juvenile) diabetes, a chronic autoimmune
disease in which a person's pancreas stops producing insulin, a
hormone that enables people to turn food into energy.
“Knowing the symptoms of type 1 diabetes is
critical because the disease can be mistaken for more common illnesses,
such as the flu,” said Dr. Richard Insel, executive vice president
of research for JDRF. “Knowing the warning signs can change
a life.” These symptoms may occur suddenly as: extreme thirst;
frequent urination; sudden vision changes; sugar in urine; fruity,
sweet, or wine-like odor on breath; increased appetite; sudden weight
loss; drowsiness, lethargy; heavy, labored breathing; and stupor
Diabetes is the sixth-leading cause of death in the
United States and costs our nation over $132 billion per year. In
addition, diabetes is a leading cause of adult blindness and end-stage
kidney failure, and reduces longevity by approximately fifteen years.
The disease is particularly serious for women, making them more
prone to an early death due to stroke and heart disease and causes
high-risk pregnancies and birth defects. Unlike type 2 (adult-onset),
type 1 diabetes is neither preventable nor correctable.
For more information on type 1 diabetes,
you may visit www.jdrf.org.
The Mediterranean secret is out
—CAROLINE J. CEDERQUIST, MD
We can stop wondering. It looks like an olive a day is really what
keeps the doctor away, or the oncologist, at least.
While I’ve often lauded the virtues of the
Mediterranean diet, and cited its many apparent health benefits,
I’ve had to acknowledge that scientists hadn’t really
put a collective finger on what it was about that diet that makes
it so good for us.
But at least where cancer prevention is concerned,
now they have. It seems the oleic acid in all that olive oil suppresses
cancerous cell growth.
When I talk about the Mediterranean diet, that’s
“diet” with a small “d.” I don’t mean
some fad or hotly marketed weight-loss program, but rather, just
the array of fresh fruits, vegetables, seafood, whole grains, olive
oil, nuts, beans, and a little vino that is the traditional fare
of Mediterranean folks.
With that sort of fare, you can see easily enough
why it would generally be a pretty healthy way to eat. The Mediterranean
diet is strongly associated with extended life span and reduced
risks for mortality from any cause, as well as reducing the risks
for heart disease and cardiovascular problems, obesity, and even
But scientists just didn’t know why.
Now a team at Northwestern University says it’s
the oleic acid in all that olive oil.
Yep. Every time you shake a little extra virgin on your salad or
dip a piece of antipasto in it, you’re practicing a bit of
very specific preventive medicine. It appears that oleic acid suppresses
the function of oncogenes, the genes that cause regular cells to
mutate and grow into tumors, instead of what they’re supposed
About a million women every year are diagnosed with
breast cancer, which accounts for about 1.6 percent of all female
deaths annually worldwide.
And there’s an oncogene called HER-2/neu that
is found in about 30 percent of all breast-cancer patients. Dr Javier
Menendez, of Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine,
said his team has determined that oleic acid blocks the action of
the HER-2/neu oncogene.
In controlled studies of breast-cancer cells Menendez
and his team explored just how it is that oleic acid worked on those
cells. They were able to determine that oleic acid regulates the
HER-2 oncogene, considered the most significant in breast cancer.
While important advances in early detection mean that the prognosis
for most discovered breast cancers is very good today, breast-cancer
patients with HER-2/neu tumors suffer from an aggressive form of
the disease, and don’t have as positive a prognosis.
But the olive-oil discovery may offer a double benefit
for these women. Menendez’s team also found that oleic acid
not only suppressed the action of the oncogene but it also improved
the effectiveness of a popular breast-cancer drug called Herceptin.
Even though oleic acid works against the oncogene in a different
way than Herceptin, it nevertheless enhanced the drug's own effectiveness.
That’s not the only new look into Mediterranean
eating lately. While all that work was underway focusing on oleic
acid, another recent study of Europeans aged seventy to ninety found
that those who stuck most closely to the Mediterranean diet had
a 23 percent lower chance of dying during the ten-year period of
Now, these were folks who were on in years to begin
with, much like the demographic of Southwest Florida. Anything that
could offer a 23 percent differential in death rate at that age
deserves a little respect.
But the news only gets better. When they combined
that diet with a little exercise, participants in the European study
found they lowered their risk another 35 percent. And a moderate
alcohol intake lowered it yet again, by another 22 percent.
Now this isn’t license to go out and fill up
on olive oil and Chianti. Please note that this was moderate alcohol
intake, and the folks were participating in these studies with controlled
portions and limitations on their choices.
If you’re going to try to start eating Mediterranean,
you can’t just load all these excellent foods in on top of
whatever you’re already eating. And pouring olive oil over
it won’t help either. You have to make a trade-off, because
even if the olive oil itself is beneficial, too much of a good thing
usually means diminishing returns on its benefits. Olive oil is
still very high in calories and weight gain is a risk for anyone
who isn’t reasonable and prudent.
Remember that if you’re trying to maintain
a healthy weight, it’s a zero-sum game. If you’re going
to add something in to your regular diet, even something very good,
something else has to go so that you can keep your overall calorie
So by all means, bring in the olive-oil dip for those sliced veggies,
but simply put away the mayonnaise.
Caroline J. Cederquist, MD, is a board-certified
family physician and bariatric physician (the medical specialty
of weight management). She specializes in lifetime weight management
at the Cederquist Medical Wellness Center, her Naples, Florida,
private practice. For more information, visit www.DietToYourDoor.com.
Dr. Cederquist is the author of Helping Your Overweight Child—A
Family Guide, which is available at DrCederquist.com,
or by calling toll-free 1-800-431-1579.