Sandoval Signpost


An independent monthly newspaper serving the community since 1988
  Up Front

Piedra Fire

Photo credit: —Ty Belknap
Smoke from Piedra Fire on Sandia Mountain, south of Placitas

Piedra Fire contained by local, federal agencies

Signpost Staff

The Piedra Fire was started by an abandoned campfire in the early morning hours on May 2.  A Sandoval County Sheriff’s Office spotted the fire at 2:00 a.m. At dawn, smoke from the fire was clearly visible from Placitas to the north and eventually covered much of the Albuquerque area. The fire grew to fifty acres on Indian Trust Lands, owned by the Pueblo of Sandia, burning ponderosa pine and fir in an area that has experience high bark beetle damage. There were 95 firefighters and support staff assigned to the fire, including crews from The Bureau of Indian Affairs, Santa Fe and Carson National Forests hotshots, and the NM State Forestry’s Veteran Fire Crew. A Type I helicopter and a Type III helicopter made bucket drops. Water was supplied by Placitas volunteers from the Sandoval County Fire Department who transported water from the main irrigation ditch in Bernalillo to drop tanks at the Loop Road.

To protect the public, the Loop Road/Watershed was closed, along with the Piedra Lisa trail at both the north and south ends.

The BIA and the Southern Pueblos Agency (SPA) coordinated with the United States Forest Service (USFS), Sandia Ranger District, on initial attack responsibilities and the management of the fire incident. The USFS managed the Type 4 fire, which later transitioned to a Type 3 incident, based on the complexity of the fire, amount of resources, and aviation resources assigned to the fire.

The Piedra Fire was fully contained on May 8, and all crews were released. An engine crew from the SPA Fire Management hiked up to the fire on May 12 for a periodic check, and the Piedra Fire Incident Commander notified management that the fire was controlled.

Bosque closed

Signpost Staff

On May 22, Middle Rio Grande Conservancy District (MRGCD) barred the public from 30,000 acres of Bosque from Cochiti Dam to Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge, south of Socorro. Due to extreme drought and fire damage, this action came earlier than last year’s closure. MRGCD personnel placed closed signs on gates on both sides of the Bernallilo bridge on US 550.

MRGCD media spokesman Tom Thorpe said the closures included only the parts of the Bosque controlled by the MRGCD, excluding tribal and municipal lands, which are thinned more extensively, patrolled, and under Stage II fire restrictions. He said that the MRGCD closures would be enforced by local law enforcement and fire departments, which will tell trespassers to get out. MRGCD is currently relying on the public to voluntarily obey the closures, and penalties have not yet been established.

The portions of the Bosque that fall within the city of Rio Rancho’s limits are closed to the public, effective at 8:00 a.m. on May 27, and will remain closed until further notice.

“In order to minimize the potential for catastrophic wildfire in the Bosque that could endanger lives, homes, and property, the Rio Rancho Fire and Rescue Department is asking for the public’s cooperation during this closure period,” said Rio Rancho Fire Chief Michael Meek. “If you see suspicious activities in and around the Bosque or signs of smoke, call 911 immediately.”

While this closure is in place, personnel from the Rio Rancho Police and Fire and Rescue departments will patrol Rio Rancho portions of the Bosque. Those found in the Bosque during the closure period can be subject to a fine up to $500 dollars, ninety days in jail, or both.

The Village of Corrales also closed their Bosque Preserve area to the public.

The benefits of prohibiting recreational use of the Bosque are debatable. At the news conference announcing the closures, an Albuquerque Fire Department spokesman pointed out data suggesting that these closures actually lead to a dramatic increase in fires. Michael Hayes, owner of Quiet Waters Paddling Adventures in Bernalillo, described recreational users as “the best asset they have in preventing fires.” Recreationalists keep an eye on the irresponsible people least likely to observe the closures, who are most likely to start a fire.

Nevertheless, bosque fires are almost always human caused. Last year’s Corrales bosque fire was started by an e-cigarette dropped by a Youth Conservation Corps on firewatch patrol.

Tax-free gas cuts into Bernalillo budget

Signpost Staff

Sandia Pueblo has purchased the previous Ashley’s at 1100 S. Camino del Pueblo in Bernalillo. The refurbished fuel and convenience store will be named Sandia Fuel.

Victor Montoya, Governor of the Pueblo of Sandia, stated, “We are looking forward to establishing a close working relationship with the City of Bernalillo during this project to ensure unsurpassed benefits to the entire neighborhood. As a proud member of our community, we are excited Sandia Fuel will provide a newly renovated business that will provide services and convenience for all our neighbors.”

Mayor Jack Torres told the Signpost that the the Town has concerns about the Pueblo’s application for trust status for the property, which would exempt the store from paying gross receipts and gas taxes. He said that the Town depends on gross receipts taxes for 75 percent of its revenue. Sandia Fuel lies within the Town and would benefit from police, fire, and infrastructure services. Torres said that the Town Attorney was working with legal specialists regarding the legality of the tax-free status, and that he was meeting with Pueblo officials to try to work out a mutually satisfactory arrangement.

The Town posted the following reminder on its June newsletter, announcing a marketing campaign to inform and encourage residents to “Buy Bernalillo”:

When you buy local, you support Bernalillo businesses and you support the services that the Town of Bernalillo provides to all citizens. From recreational and library services to fire and police protection, the Town is dependent upon the taxes generated when you do your shopping and fill up your vehicles at businesses that collect gross receipts tax for Bernalillo.

With shifting boundaries and proximity to so many other communities in the area, it’s sometimes not easy to know what businesses are physically in Bernalillo and contributing to the health of our tax base. For example, both “Warrior” gas stations on Highway 550 are within the Santa Ana Pueblo boundaries and do not contribute taxes to Bernalillo. All other stations on 550 from I-25 to Highway 528 contribute to Bernalillo. Along Highway 528, the only gas station contributing to Bernalillo is “Murphy Oil”—all others provide taxes to Rio Rancho.

Photo credits: —Marty Clifton
Placitas free-roaming horses in the Placitas Open Space show ribs. 

Placitas horse problem spurs county meeting

—Ty Belknap

On June 5, Orlando Lucero will host a meeting entitled, “No More Horsing Around” to address the horse problems in the Placitas area. The meeting will be held in the commission chambers at the Sandoval County Administration Building—1500 Idalia Road , Building D, in Bernalillo—from 9:00 to 11:00 a.m.

Although this is a public meeting, Lucero did not invite the general public. He may want to avoid providing a forum for a shouting match between “horse lovers” and “horse haters,” which has proved to be unproductive. Agencies invited include the New Mexico Livestock Board, San Felipe Pueblo, Santa Ana Pueblo, Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Eastern Sandoval Citizens Association (ECSA), Wild Horse Observers Association (WHOA), Las Placitas Association (LPA), Coronado Soil and Water Conservation District, and Albuquerque Open Space.

The invitation states, ”Your attendance is important, as I would like to hear what your agencies’ stand is on this issue and the liability posed on residents by these roaming horses. Each agency will be allowed five minutes to speak on the issue. I have received so many complaints about the horse problems and now is the time to address the issue for the welfare of the residents and the general public.”

Complaints to Lucero resulted from public frustration over the lack of official response to a growing problem highlighted by recent auto accidents caused by free-ranging horses.

LPA and ES-CA have been conspicuously absent from the conversation up to this point. WHOA has been the dominant player in the issue, but has been unable to control the proliferation of feral horses. Last month, WHOA president Patience O’Dowd sent an email to the BLM, seeking assistance in the administration of PZP contraceptive and removing “the horses at risk of high speed impact,” and relocating them away from the road.

Furthermore, the email states that WHOA has knowledge of the specific horses that are causing a risk to public safety, and has the ability to assist in every stage, including gathering the horses, and finding them temporary homes, adoption homes, or training. It stated, “WHOA is concerned for people’s safety. This is a life-and-death issue. The most important consideration for WHOA is that we work together in this emergency to help both people and horses stay alive and safe. WHOA is putting up extra signage this evening.”

The letter was also forwarded to the Albuquerque Journal, which covered the issue on May 11, but so far no action has resulted from the publicity. WHOA’s signage, which indicated that NM165 was a wildlife corridor that included horses, was removed by the New Mexico Highway Department. BLM says it has no jurisdiction in the Placitas area outside of BLM land. WHOA has not provided specific information regarding the removal of “specific horses.” WHOA has not yet complied with New Mexico Department of Agriculture regulations for dispensing PZP. Despite efforts to provide food and water, some of the horses in the Placitas Open Space appear to be starving.

Placitas horseman Marty Clifton continues his efforts create a state park horse sanctuary on 3,400 acres of BLM land north of Placitas, even though Governor Martinez vetoed legislative funding for such a park. WHOA lobbied against the park. Clifton has submitted a detailed plan to the governor, which appears (below) on the web version of the June Signpost.

Martin A. Clifton
71 Arroyo Venada Rd.
Placitas, NM 87043
May 16, 2013

State of New Mexico
Office of the Governor
490 Old Santa Fe Trail
Room 400
Santa Fe, NM 87501

The Honorable Susanna Martinez

This letter contains an extensive discussion of our request for you to 1) consider further efforts to establish The  Placitas State Park and Horse Sanctuary, and 2) consider a broader set of recommendations to deal with the immediate and continuing challenge of 100 to 250 “wild” or estray horses in the Placitas area (The Wild Horse Plan).

The Placitas State Park and Horse Sanctuary
The primary purpose of this letter is to request your cooperation in furthering our efforts to establish a Placitas State Park and Horse Sanctuary through the purchase of the BLM Buffalo Tract, a 3,400 acre parcel of land just north of Placitas and the Albuquerque/Placitas Open Space.

We believe it is within your authority to direct the appropriate State departments to proceed with such analysis, plan and filings. Should the resulting plans be satisfactory to your office, we could request an appropriate Capital Outlay in the 2014 Capital Budget.   We believe it is important to start this process with the BLM in the next 30-60 days.

We also believe that this is a critical time for the State to reserve this property, in light of the BLM's Rio Puerco Resource Plan. Your office will probably be reviewing the BLM plan this summer. By reserving the BLM Buffalo Tract, you will have the opportunity to have better control over the BLM's overall resource development plan.

Although you have chosen to veto the $45,000 Capital Outlay line item that would have allowed the project to immediately move forward, we believe that there are now a series of issues that the State needs to be dealing with regarding these horses, and with plans underway by other entities to acquire the property for potential development, including gravel mining.

Most recently, as reported in the news media, horses on State Highway 165 have been killed in unfortunate accidents involving Placitas residents. Thankfully, no human injuries or fatalities occurred. To our knowledge, there have been seven to nine horses killed in roadway accidents in Placitas during the past year. We are in the process of documenting these accidents and other horse problems via a survey of Sandoval County Sheriff's Department Accident Reports.

We also need the State's help in convincing the Santa Ana and San Felipe Pueblos that the practice of letting their horses range freely and trespass on New Mexico's public and private lands and roads is dangerous and illegal, and will be asking for your help in this, regardless of how we are able to proceed on the Placitas Park and Horse Sanctuary.

We learned in the Albuquerque Sunday Journal's May 5, 2013 issue that the reasons you vetoed the project $45,000 Capital Outlay, according to your spokesman Enrique Knell, is that......"conflicting input the governor's office received from the community indicated there was no consensus on the project. Also, creating a new state park would have cost millions; moreover, the group that made the request didn't discuss the proposal with the state agency that would have been responsible for the park."

In response to the Journal article, the acquisition of the BLM Buffalo Tract by the State will eliminate the possibility for gravel mining on the property. This objective is a matter of major agreement among Placitas residents. There is no question that there is a community consensus on this objective. The community has written hundreds to letters to the BLM to this effect.

However, we will be working with the community to resolve differences and to achieve a consensus among community leadership interests. Community input into the planning of the Park and Horse Sanctuary will be important to the project's long term value.

Whether the property remains with the BLM, or is transferred via the Federal Recreation and Public Purposes Act to the State, the number of horses that could be accommodated naturally on these lands is limited by the condition of the property, which is sadly overgrazed, due in part to trespassing free ranging horses from the Pueblos. Under current conditions and assuming a water supply, the carrying capacity of the 3,400 acres would be as few as 15 horses, and eventually up to 60 horses. This is a controversial issue in the community, because people want an immediate 100 % solution to the horse problem. Only by a supplemental feeding program and development of a water source would the project be able to accommodate up to 100 horses and therefore increase the annual operating costs.  But it would address the community horse challenge in a comprehensive and humane way.

We are not familiar with the reasons why your office believes that "creating a new state park would have cost millions." However, we are familiar with the costs the City of Albuquerque incurred in the establishment of the adjacent Albuquerque/Placitas Open Space, and certainly those start-up and operating costs would not support such a conclusion. We have worked on developing some start-up and operating scenarios, and believe that the costs for the project will be modest. However, we did not feel that it was appropriate to submit such analysis at this early stage of proceedings. The Federal Recreation and Public Purposes Act provides a procedure that requires the State to submit such plans as part of the application process. We would of course be prepared and pleased to participate in the planning effort. A three to six month state planning effort should be sufficient to have a plan to submit to the BLM.

While we have not yet pursued opportunities for a "Private/Public" partnership for the project, we are certainly having discussions regarding the possibility, and believe that the partnership would mitigate State costs associated with the project. Additionally we believe that Federal funding for renovation of existing fencing, etc. can be accomplished, which could further mitigate State start up funding. We would also suggest that a Private/Public partnership might be the source of consultants which might be provided to support the Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department (EMNR) and New Mexico Parks need for expertise for planning in the area of management of the sanctuary horses. Further, the New Mexico Livestock Board has extensive experience in this area and has provided guidance and suggestions regarding our development of this State Park and Horse Sanctuary vision, and could advise NM Park planners in lieu of private consultants.
We look forward to an opportunity to meet with or provide information to New Mexico State Park representatives and/or the office of the Secretary of ENMR to discuss the project. While we offered to meet with these officials, we deferred to our legislative representatives to pursue direct contacts during the legislative session. We felt it would have been presumptuous to engage in conversations with State administrative personnel during the legislative session, as this might be construed to be inappropriate lobbing efforts.

The “Wild Horse” Plan
The second purpose of this letter is to request your assistance in addressing the immediate challenge of free-ranging, estray or “wild” horses in the Placitas area which are now are now suffering from lack of forage and water, and roaming neighborhoods, crossing highways and roadways in Placitas and on U.S. Interstate I-25 and causing dangerous and potentially deadly vehicle accidents.

With the drought continuing, we are now seeing small groups of horses in the Placitas area which are suffering from a combination of dehydration and starvation, and we have just notified the New Mexico Livestock Board of their condition.  The worst of these horses is a little herd of 10 horses on the Albuquerque/Placitas Open Space, and they are being provided water by concerned neighbors.  Although other well meaning Placitas residents have tried to create an informal sanctuary in the Placitas Open Space, they have been unable to keep up with feeding the increasing number of horses (now 30-40 on 560 acres) because all the natural forage has been eaten by the horses.  Other volunteers are working to feed and water horses on the BLM Buffalo Tract and on private lands, ignoring possible civil or criminal consequences.  Their efforts to supplement the local forage is now losing ground and we think the horses will soon need 100% supplemental feed to avoid suffering from malnutrition or starvation.  Many of the horses are already showing ribs and some muscle loss.  Young mares with foal are suffering the most.

The idea that the overpopulation of horses in Placitas is somehow Placitas residents or Placitas horse support group’s fault is just not factual.  We believe that the recent extraordinary in migration of horses from the Pueblos to Placitas and adjoining private and public lands is the primary cause of the problem.  Our information is confirmed by opinions of the BLM and New Mexico Livestock Board.

However, given these increasingly critical circumstances, during the last several months, some Placitas residents have begun formulating plans that address the problem.  The basis for all our considerations is the premise that the horses should be preserved and properly cared for.  The underlying thinking for their plans and proposals provide that: a.) we do not favor horse slaughter, and fully support your position in that regard, b.) we believe the representative agencies/organizations,  (e.g. the Governor’s Office, the New Mexico Livestock Board, the Santa Ana and  San Felipe Pueblos, the Wild Horse Observers Association (WHOA), the City of Albuquerque (Open Space Division), the Bureau of Land Management, Sandoval County, the Sandoval County Sheriff’s Department,  the NMDOT, the State of New Mexico and Placitas leadership should each step up and fulfill their responsibilities for helping to care for the horses, and reestablish some safety, law and order, especially in this interim, most critical period as follows:

  • The immediate  emergency care of the horses should include, but not be limited to:
  • Fencing: We need the Albuquerque (Placitas) Open Space Division, and the BLM to immediately complete fencing the Placitas Open Space and the BLM Buffalo Tract (etc.), and for the Santa Ana and San Felipe Pueblos and the New Mexico DOT to install or repair their fences on Placitas borders and adjoining roads and highways.  For instance the Santa Ana Pueblo gravel mining activity adjacent to the northwest end of the BLM Buffalo tract fencing has been extensively destroyed so that horses wander freely between the BLM, the Santa Ana mines and the Albuquerque/Placitas Open Space.
  • Feeding and watering:  We need allowance by the appropriate authorities for temporary feed and watering of the horses by the State of New Mexico and volunteers without unnecessary gathering or capture of the horses (except for veterinary treatment-see below).  The objective should be to eliminate dehydration and starvation; not to just capture the horses.  For the 100 to 250 estray horses in the Placitas and surrounding areas, the State should be prepared to distribute and feed about 15 pounds of 12-14% protein hay (alfalfa) per day per horse.  Feeding 100 horses per month 15 pounds per day would require 900-50 pound bales per month.  Current market price for a 50 pound bale of alfalfa is about $10 so the market cost of feeding 900 bales is $9,000 per month.  For 250 horses the cost would be $22,500 per month.  Volume purchases might reduce costs by as much as 50%.  Feeding of horses and other livestock under extreme weather conditions is not unusual for the State of New Mexico, which provides feed to stranded wildlife and private livestock every year. 
  • We also need temporary emergency authority from the BLM to allow these public lands to be used as a horse sanctuary for watering and feeding the horses, including low impact vehicle transport of the feed and water.  The result will be to relocate 30-40 horses currently in trouble in the Albuquerque/Placitas Opens Space to the BLM area where water and feed can be more readily transported, and where veterinary treatment can be provided.  The BLM lands are also idea for temporarily caring for the other Placitas horses as the effects of the drought intensifies and supplemental feed and water becomes more critical.  We believe we could be helpful to you in discussions with the BLM.  However, it may be necessary and appropriate for you to exercise your direct influence to achieve this necessary part of the plan to use the BLM Buffalo Tract as a temporary sanctuary.         
  • Veterinary treatment: The State of New Mexico needs to administer, contract or allow voluntary birth control and disease prevention treatment, and provide euthanasia of animals that are suffering and too sick to cure.  Random testing of the horses for communicable diseases should also be accomplished by the New Mexico Livestock Board (or contract veterinarians); with appropriate actions to be taken in the event tests are positive.  The State also needs to develop a contingency plan for the possibility that the horses could be infected this summer with a contagious disease such as the EHV-1 Virus and up to 250 horses would have to be located and isolated from livestock and privately owned horses.  The use of imbedded computer chips provided by the New Mexico Livestock Board would provide means of keeping track of individual horses for birth control, health maintenance, and future management and adoption purposes.
  • Santa Ana and San Felipe horse trespassing: The State needs to begin to immediately engage the appropriate State and Federal authorities to cause the Pueblos to stop their horses from entering Placitas public and private lands, including the BLM Buffalo Tract and the Albuquerque/Placitas Open Space.  Trespassing tribal horses are not unique in New Mexico.  Currently the Acoma Pueblo is working to return Ramah Chapter Navajo horses which are trespassing.
  • The State of New Mexico primary  program for long term care and treatment of these Placitas horses should include the following plan:
  • Establishment of the Placitas Park and Horse Sanctuary on the 3,400 acre BLM Buffalo Tract as described above.
  • Fast tracking of adoption procedures for additional New Mexico Livestock Board approved private horse sanctuaries and shelters. State provision should be made for the adoption of horses for private or State of New Mexico ownership so that horses can be relocated either on the Placitas Park and Horse Sanctuary or be relocated to other New Mexico Livestock Board approved horse sanctuaries or shelters.  The long term objective for this action would be to humanely remove the horses in small groups of established herds from unauthorized Placitas and surrounding private and public property, and relocate them in approved sanctuaries or to be adopted by screened individuals who will provide care for individual horses.  We believe WHOA is presently developing opportunities to place small horse herds in shelters/sanctuaries.
  • Fast tracking of Federal and State approved birth control methods for application (use) on documented horses, i.e., adopted/owned horses.  We understand that WHOA is already in discussions with appropriate authorities on this, and related adoption procedures.
  • Development of State of New Mexico enforceable treaties or agreements with Santa Ana and San Felipe Pueblos to accomplish elimination of further in-migration/trespassing  on Placitas community public and private lands, streets, roads and highways and negotiation of the return/retrieval  of Pueblo horses.

We respectively request the opportunity to meet with you or your representative at your earliest convenience. As I have previously mentioned in my correspondence to you, this project will potentially provide a model for the State on developing sanctuary methods to help manage the overpopulation of horses in New Mexico. The Federal Recreation and Public Purposes Act allows the State to purchase up to 6,400 acres of BLM land per year for $10 per acre. Your actions to have the State proceed with this project have important leadership implications not only for New Mexico, but for all the southwestern states that are trying to find solutions to the horse overpopulation problem.


Marty Clifton

Phillip Rios

Phillip Rios
Photo credit: —Courtesy of Sandoval County

County Manager Phillip Rios earns new contract

Signpost Staff

At the May 16 county commission meeting, Philip Rios was awarded a new three-year contract to serve as Sandoval County Manager. In voting to approve the contract, the commissioners all noted they were highly pleased with the job Rios has done since taking over as county manager roughly two and a half years ago.

Rios has been a county employee since 1999, serving as community services director and then public works director before stepping in as interim county manger in April 2011. He received his first contract as permanent county manager in October 2011.

The new contract, which will take effect on July 1, 2013, is a reflection of the confidence the commission has in Rios’ management ability. “I want to thank all of the county employees for helping me accomplish many of the goals the commission has set for the county over the past two years,” Rios said. “We now have new goals to conquer, and I’m sure I can count on that same support going forward.”

Commissioner Don Chapman cast the only no vote, citing his objection to the three-year contract which can be viewed at: Although he supports Rios for the job, he said that he wanted his objection to be on record. Chapman said that although the commission can terminate the contract, he felt that it was inappropriate to have the Rios term extend into the terms of newly elected commissioners.

Chapman also was the only commissioner to vote against the preliminary operating budget for fiscal years 2013-2014 which can be viewed at: He said that his main objection is the budget process itself, which focuses mainly on county employment rather than priorities such as roads and economic development. He writes, “The budget includes funding for 51 unfilled jobs, which provides over one million dollars of padding.” Half of those jobs are at the detention center pending the return of federal prisoners.

Bernalillo Town Council notes

—Karen Lermuseaux

On April 22, the Council approved a final budget, totaling more than $17 million dollars. This includes $3.6 million dollars in utility expenses, and $7 million dollars in general funds (fire, police, P&Z, library, administrative, etc.).

A memorandum of the agreement with the NM Wine Country Inc. and the Town of Bernalillo was approved and includes a three-year agreement to host the NM Wine Festival in Bernalillo. The yearly poster for the wine festival was awarded to Barbara Clark from Corrales, who submitted a nighttime scene with a harvest moon rising over the Sandias with reflections on the acequias.

Mayor Torres discussed the status of the Ashley Gas Station purchased by Sandia Pueblo. Many residents expressed concern about the implications of Sandia acquiring land within the Town and yet not abiding by Town ordinances—building permits, trash and litter, noise, water use, and conservation ordinances, to name a few.

Ida Fierro named “Clerk of the Year”

The Town of Bernalillo Clerk/Administrator Ida Fierro was named “Clerk of the Year” by the New Mexico Clerks and Finance Officers Association during the organization’s Spring Meeting on April 18 in Santa Fe. The purpose of the award is to identify and recognize a member of the Municipal Clerks and Finance Officers Association who has made an enhancement to the clerk’s own community or municipal government, made a significant contribution to the objectives of the Association in New Mexico, and has advanced the municipal clerks’ profession and/or the promotion of municipal government in New Mexico.

Ms. Fierro has been with the Town of Bernalillo for 13 years, having served six years as Treasurer, four years as Clerk, and the past three years as Clerk/ Administrator. She also serves on the Town’s Finance Committee and is a board member of the New Mexico Community Development Loan Fund, a private nonprofit that provides loans, training, and business consulting to entrepreneurs, business owners, and other nonprofit organizations throughout the state and the Navajo Nation.

In his nominating letter, Bernalillo Mayor Jack Torres said, “She is well known for her professionalism and her generous spirit. It is not unusual for her to advise staff on a wide range of issues. People trust her, appreciate her ability to listen, and often rely on her advice.”


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